Do you know what fruits are bad for dogs? Alright, every owner loves sharing the leftover food with their dog. But there are some human foods and specifically a few fruits harmful to your pup’s health. We know what’s popping in your mind right now. You might be wondering, ‘how can human foods be dangerous for dogs?’ ‘Can my dog eat all vegetables?’ or ‘what fruits are bad for dogs?’
Can I Offer Fruits To My Dog?
Imagine your dog staring while you are munching on a plate of fruit. Those little puppy eyes can melt your heart and urge you to share a few bits of fruits with them. Right?
Let’s face it. It is hard to neglect that gaze, so you offer them a few bites. That’s the love for the pet.
But, wait! Some fruits are bad for your pup’s health. Although delicious, some fruits are too sugary to be consumed. They can lead to diabetes and other conditions like stomach aches, vomiting, choking hazards, diarrhea, or even death.
In this article, we have compiled in-depth research on the fruits that dogs must not eat. We will provide a detailed answer to your question, “what fruits are bad for dogs?” give some suggestions on how you should healthily feed the dogs.
Can Dogs Eat Fruit?
Short answer: Yes, dog can eat fruits ! Long answer: It depends on the fruit and quantity of the fruit you are offering. Dogs can consume some fruits like apples, bananas, and pineapple or mangos, but care must be taken when feeding these fruits. They are a rich source of minerals, vitamins, fiber, and other dietary components necessary for a healthy body. However, the nutritional requirements of pets are far different from human beings. Fruits bestow dogs with:
- Help in-digestion
- Stronger immune system
- Enhancing coat and skin
- Decreasing infection
The Benefits of Fruits for Dogs
While it’s crucial to be informed about which fruits are harmful to our furry companions, it’s equally important to recognize the myriad benefits that certain fruits can provide. When offered in moderation and properly prepared, many fruits can serve as a nutritious treat for dogs, offering an array of health benefits.
Vitamins and Minerals: Just as fruits are packed with essential vitamins and minerals for humans, they can offer dogs a boost in nutrients too. For instance, blueberries are rich in antioxidants and vitamin C, which can help bolster a dog’s immune system and combat the effects of aging.
Dietary Fiber: Fruits like apples and pears provide a good dose of dietary fiber, which aids in digestion and can help regulate bowel movements. It’s especially beneficial for dogs that might be prone to constipation.
Hydration: Many fruits have a high water content, making them an excellent source of hydration, especially during hot days. Watermelon, for instance, is made up of 90% water and can be a refreshing treat for a thirsty pup.
Low in Fat and Calories: Compared to many commercial dog treats, fruits tend to be lower in fat and calories, making them a healthier alternative for dogs watching their weight.
Natural Sugars: Fruits contain natural sugars, offering a sweet taste without the artificial sweeteners or added sugars that some processed treats might contain. This can be a healthier way to reward your dog without the potential adverse effects of artificial ingredients.
What About The Other Side Of The Picture?
Overeating the permissible fruits or bigger bites can overcome the advantages and cause health issues like food poisoning, diabetes, constipation, blockage in the digestive tract, kidney issues, and diarrhea.
In some cases, these diseases prolong the rest of the pet’s life and result in organ failures (especially liver and kidney.)
What Fruits Are Bad For Dogs?
Unlike the majority of fruits, some are not good for dogs. There is a long list of fruits that your dog should avoid. Let’s see one by one which fruit is not safe for dogs and why:
Avocados top the list of fruits that should never be shared with a dog. Although this fruit is one of the healthiest considered fruits for humans, it is equally harmful to our four-legged friends. You can learn more about if avocados are good for dogs here.
From leaves to skin and the pit, avocados are fully loaded with a toxin known as persin. This chemical leads to diarrhea and vomiting in the pups. The core flesh of the fruit contains a very lower percentage of persin, but due to health hazards, even the flesh is prohibited for dogs.
Dogs should never eat cherries. The fruit is enriched with cyanide which is harmful to the dog’s health. Not only is it toxic, but it also hinders oxygen-carrying blood cells, resulting in shortness of breath. Only the flesh inside is edible; still, we do not recommend taking this risk. Common symptoms you’ll notice if a dog accidentally munches a few berries are: red gums, dilated pupils, and problems in breathing. Owners must avoid offering cherries to dogs as cyanide poisoning is extremely dangerous for pups.
Sweet and tasty, raisins are not safe to eat for dogs. These are highly toxic, such that a few bits can lead to kidney failure in dogs. Although the research is still in process, health experts say that dogs cannot handle the mold found in raisins. Hide all the raisin jars from the kitchen, and in case your dog eats this fruit, immediately call the vet.
Grapes should never become a part of your dog’s meal. Just like raisins, grapes also make toxic human food for pets. The toxic material can cause kidney failure in dogs and have the same impact on every dog, no matter the pup’s age, sex, or breed. If you have grape trees in your backyard, make sure your dog does not pick up a few of them.
One of the most dangerous fruits for dogs, the homegrown rhubarb, should never be offered to the canines. This fruit is highly toxic and can damage the digestive tract, kidneys, and nervous system. You should prevent the dogs from accessing rhubarb plants or vegetable patches. Common indications after eating rhubarb are cardiac issues, seizures, and tremors.
Almost all members of the citrus family are a bad choice for dogs. And lemon is not an exception. Lemon contains citric acid, which is acidic and causes damage to the stomach. You must not give lemon pulp to the dogs. In fact, lemon peels are also harmful that can create gastrointestinal problems and choking hazards for the pet.
Figs may be delicious and highly nutritious for humans, but not for our furry companions. Dogs become a victim of diarrhea due to the high concentration of fiber in figs. Experts believe that dogs can eat figs in smaller quantities if given every week. However, the plant contains ficin (a toxic substance) bad for the health.
Ficin can damage the digestive tract and causes issues if it comes in contact with the animal’s skin, mouth, and eyes. If the dog shows symptoms like drooling, vomiting, abdominal pain, or diarrhea after munching the fig plant, take them to the closest vet without any delay.
If you get a chance to eat boysenberries, make sure you don’t feed them to your pooch. This fruit is bad for your dog’s health and causes diarrhea if your pup accidentally eats a few bites.
There are varying opinions when it comes to feeding apricots to dogs. The pit of apricot is harmful as it contains toxic cyanide. However, it is a rich source of beta carotene and potassium that is good for dogs.
We have added apricot to the list of bad fruits for dogs because its pit is exactly the size required to stick in the dog’s gut and lead to serious blockage. If you want to feed it, make sure you remove the pit and the seed and always offer the flesh in bits.
Dates are not as bad as other fruits discussed above; still, there is a chance of bowel obstruction if the dogs eat them as a whole. Dates are not toxic, but owners must prevent dogs from sniffing them as the pits, once stuck, can be very dangerous. Moreover, the higher concentrations of fiber and sugar combined with the frequent treats of date may result in diarrhea.
Fruits rich in citric acid are not good for the canines. The digestive system of dogs is incredibly weaker than human beings, and they hardly withstand the acidic nature of citrus fruits, including grapes. If there is a nutritional deficiency of Vitamin C, dog owners should go with bits of kiwi or oranges but never offer grapefruits.
Another plum that we do not suggest for dogs is plum. The reason is the same as dates. The pit of the plum tree can upset the stomach while causing damage to the digestive tract (owing to its sharpness.) The pit can also harm the intestines and esophagus. Small pups can easily get their intestines blocked if they eat the whole fruit.
Furthermore, the pit contains cyanide, like apples and a few other fruits, which is extremely toxic for dogs. Rotten or fermented pulp/flesh of the plum is not as harmful as the other parts, but due to higher sugar concentrations, even the plum flesh should be given in moderation.
We all know that small portions of blueberries and strawberries are good for dogs, but what about the berries growing in the hedgerows?
Well, hedgerow berries are highly toxic and dangerous for dogs and should never be fed to them. Some examples of hedgerow berries include elderberries, holly, rowan, and juniper.
Dried fruits are not appropriate food for dogs. The amount of sugar is very high due to the removal of water, rendering them a bad meal for dogs. Dried fruits available in packing are often covered with preservative chemicals that can be unsuitable for your pup’s health. The least harm this fruit does can be diarrhea and vomiting, and the most damaging thing could be kidney failure.
Persimmon is a controversial fruit that may or may not be good for dogs. On the one hand, it is a rich source of Vitamin C and A; simultaneously, its seeds and pit can obstruct the intestinal region. Although there is no proven study proving persimmon seed or pits to be poisonous, it can still hurt your furry baby. The best way is to remove these things and add small amounts of fruit to your dog’s plate.
The citric acid found in lime is highly toxic to dogs. They are a good source of vitamin C; still, they can damage the pet’s immunity system. The symptoms of a dog that has munched on a few limes are diarrhea, vomiting, and irregular dermatitis.
What Fruits Are Bad For The Puppies?
To be precise, what’s bad for dogs is also bad for the pups. They have a relatively weaker digestive system, and their immunity system is less strong than the elder members. In fact, there are many preventive measures to be taken when offering fruits and vegetables to puppies.
Make sure you always feed them fruits in small amounts or the size that can easily be digested. Experts say that fruits should not be more than 5% of the pup’s daily diet.
Pro Tip: Puppies should be fed more commercial food, like vegetables, fruits, fats, or meat. Fresh fruits, although a healthy treat, can create problems for the smaller dogs. Wait till they reach adulthood and gradually increase the portion. Always consult the vet if you plan to add a new meal to your pup’s feeding plan.
What Is The Best Way To Feed Fruits To Dogs?
Adding fruits to your dog’s meal simply means a happier and healthier pet (if you already know what fruits are bad for dogs.) And if you want to know some useful tips on how to serve fruits to dogs, here are a few of them:
No matter what fruit it is, the addition to the dog meal should be gradual. Huge quantities of fruits from the start can cause severe health problems, including stomach, kidney, and liver issues. Start offering smaller bites; if you notice no harm, increase the portion with time-lapse.
A plate full won’t give a healthy dog overnight. Offer fruits in moderate quantities. Some fruits are not advisable in large quantities due to the high sugar content.
If you have planned to feed fruits, make sure you peel them properly, remove the seeds and pits, particularly in peaches, apricots, apples, pears, and mangoes. Make smaller bites so that the pup can easily munch the yummy treats.
Prefer fresh fruits
Rotten fruits are harmful to human beings as well as our beloved companions. If you have fruit-bearing trees in your garden, watch for the dogs as they often pick the most rotten fruit of all.
What To Do If Your Dog Ingests a Harmful Fruit
The moment you realize your dog has consumed a potentially harmful fruit, swift action is crucial to ensure their safety. Here’s a step-by-step guide on what to do:
Panicking won’t help the situation and may stress your dog even more. Take a deep breath and assess the situation logically.
Identify the Fruit:
Try to determine what fruit your dog consumed and how much of it. This information will be invaluable when talking to a veterinarian or emergency hotline.
Do Not Induce Vomiting Without Consultation:
While your first instinct might be to make your dog vomit, it isn’t always the best or safest action. Some fruits can cause more harm if vomited, especially if they’re acidic or have large pits. Always consult with a veterinarian before taking such a step.
Call Your Veterinarian or an Emergency Hotline:
Regardless of the amount ingested, it’s essential to seek professional advice. Describe the situation in detail, providing information about the fruit, the amount ingested, and any symptoms your dog is displaying.
Monitor Your Dog’s Symptoms:
While waiting for professional advice or transportation to a clinic, closely monitor your dog. Look for signs of distress like vomiting, diarrhea, difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat, excessive drooling, lethargy, or any other unusual behaviors.
Keep Harmful Fruits Out of Reach:
Prevention is better than cure. After handling the immediate situation, ensure that no other harmful fruits or foods are within your dog’s reach to prevent future incidents.
Educate Yourself and Others:
Familiarize yourself with other foods and substances toxic to dogs. Inform other family members, especially children, about the dangers certain fruits can pose.
The next time you decide on offering fruits to your pets, verify that they are not one of those ‘bad fruits.’ If there is any confusion about any human food, you should always contact the vet and follow the instructions on properly feeding that fruit to the dogs. I am not a vet, only a dog LOVER!
Also, you can learn here What Vegetables Dogs Can and Can’t Eat.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Which fruits are toxic to dogs?
While some fruits like blueberries and apples are beneficial, others like grapes, raisins, and cherries can be harmful. It’s essential to familiarize yourself with a list of toxic fruits and ensure they’re out of your dog’s reach.
Is it safe for my dog to eat fruits with seeds?
Some seeds, such as apple seeds, contain small amounts of cyanide and can be harmful if consumed in large quantities. Always remove seeds and pits from fruits before offering them to your dog.
Can dogs eat citrus fruits like oranges and lemons?
In moderation, dogs can consume citrus fruits, but many dogs dislike the strong, acidic taste. However, the seeds, peel, leaves, and stem of citrus fruits can cause gastrointestinal upset.
My dog ate a small piece of chocolate with raisins. What should I do?
Both chocolate and raisins are toxic to dogs. Even in small amounts, they can cause severe reactions. If your dog consumes either or both, you should contact your vet immediately.
Are bananas safe for dogs?
Yes, bananas are safe and can be a nutritious treat in moderation. However, avoid feeding the peel as it can be hard for dogs to digest.
How can I introduce new fruits to my dog’s diet?
Start by giving small amounts and observe for any allergic reactions or gastrointestinal issues. Always consult with your vet before introducing a significant dietary change.
What signs should I look for if I suspect my dog has eaten a toxic fruit?
Symptoms can include vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, seizures, and more. If you observe any unusual behavior after your dog eats fruit, contact your vet.
Why are grapes and raisins toxic to dogs, but not to humans?
The exact substance in grapes and raisins that causes toxicity in dogs is still unknown. However, their effect on dogs can be severe, leading to kidney failure, while humans can consume them without any adverse effects.
Can I give my dog fruit juice?
It’s best to avoid giving dogs fruit juices, especially those with added sugars or artificial ingredients. Whole fruits in moderation are a better option.
Is it okay for dogs to eat dried fruits like apricots and prunes?
Some dried fruits, like raisins, are toxic. If you wish to feed dried fruits, ensure they’re free from added sugars and preservatives, and always in moderation. However, always consult your vet for personalized advice.