Many people like German Shepherds, retrievers and many other dog breeds. However, these dog breeds are very common and there are millions of examples. What about rare dog breeds? Yes, these exist and they are special. These are extremely rare so it is unlikely you will ever see one. But, let’s reveal some facts about these breeds so you can learn more about dogs in general and you may find the ideal dog breed for you.
Criteria for Rarity
When it comes to determining the rarity of dog breeds, several factors play a pivotal role. Understanding these criteria can provide insights into the unique existence and preservation challenges associated with rare dog breeds.
One of the most straightforward indicators of a breed’s rarity is its population size. Rare dog breeds often have a limited number of individuals existing globally. This scarcity can be due to various reasons, including breeding challenges, specific habitat requirements, or a lack of awareness about the breed.
Recognition by Kennel Clubs and Organizations
The recognition of a breed by established kennel clubs and canine organizations is another crucial factor. Some dog breeds, though they have existed for centuries, are not universally recognized. This lack of formal recognition can sometimes contribute to their rarity. The acknowledgment by organizations such as the American Kennel Club (AKC) or The Kennel Club can lead to increased interest and efforts to preserve the breed.
Breeding rare dog breeds can present a set of unique challenges. These can range from difficulties in finding suitable mates due to the limited population to genetic issues arising from a restricted gene pool. The complications can sometimes exacerbate the rarity, leading to a vicious cycle that requires concerted efforts to break.
Some dog breeds are localized to specific geographic regions. Their adaptation to particular climates or terrains can limit their distribution and popularity globally. Understanding the geographical context is essential to grasp the extent of a breed’s rarity and the efforts needed for its preservation and propagation.
Historical and Cultural Factors
History and culture also weigh heavily in a breed’s rarity. Some breeds have rich historical significance but have seen a decline due to cultural changes, wars, or shifts in societal preferences. Reviving interest in these breeds and understanding their cultural context is often a crucial step in conservation efforts.
9 Rare Dog Breeds That You Might Not Know Exist
1. Bedlington Terrier
This is one of rare dog breeds and one that is very special. These dogs are 16 inches in height and they will weigh 20 pounds. The look is very different. The dogs come from Northumberland, the United Kingdom. People bred these dogs in mining towns. As such, dogs learned all about hard labor. If you want to keep it in your home, you can. This breed almost doesn’t shed at all and they love learning new commands every single day. Some say that puppies look like baby lambs. It is actually true and adorable.
Chinooks are large dogs. The weight will be around 70 pounds and the height is around 24 inches. These are sweet and dogs loaded with energy. They come from New Hampshire. They are also sled dogs. Believe it or not, explorers of Alaska and Antarctica used these dogs. You can see how tough and strong they are. Excess energy is one of the reasons why. As a pet, these dogs are ideal. They want to play, they love family and they want to learn. Sadly, the breed is extremely rare.
3. Catahoula Leopard Dog
Catahoula leopard dog gets the name thanks to his coat. It looks like a leopard, partially. They are 23 inches tall and 70 pounds in weight. The dogs are native to Louisiana and they are very loyal and territorial. Keep in mind that these dogs are not good with strangers. They are extremely protective. Training must start as soon as possible and it is difficult. If you want a dog who will always protect you and it is rare, this breed may be the answer.
4. Dandie Dinmont Terrier
If the name of this dog breed sounds familiar, it is because a fictional character name is used. This is the only dog with this characteristic. The dogs come from Scotland and they are small. An adult dog will be 10 inches tall and 21 pounds in weight. In the lack of a better word, the dogs are smart and they are proud. This can be a problem sometimes.
5. Biewer Terrier
It is a beaver dog. Really, his name means beaver. These dogs come from Germany and they are small. An average dog will be only 9 inches tall and 6 pounds in weight! The breed was recognized in 2021 by AKG which makes them even more appealing. However, the breed started in the 80’s by Werner and Gertrude Biewer. The colors present are white, tan and black. This is possible thanks to a rare piebald gene. One way or another, these dogs are amazing and spectacular.
6. Estrela Mountain Dog
Estrela Mountain dog is 26 inches in height and the weight will be impressive. These dogs can reach 100 pounds so they are massive. They are very friendly. Thanks to the weight and the breed genes, they are fearless. The Estrela Mountain dog was rare in the 1900s and it still is today. However, we can see an increase in their numbers. This happens due to the fact they are excellent family dogs. They love to guard a family. But, you need to train one as soon as possible. If not, you will have an aggressive dog that weighs 100 pounds. See the problem here? The dogs come from Portugal and more and more people want them as family pets. If you want one, keep in mind they need a lot of space.
7. Kai Ken
Kai Ken comes from Japan. You can call him a tiger dog and you will like it. It is 18 inches in height and the weight will reach 30 pounds. These dogs are extremely smart and they are active. Of them all, these dogs are the rarest. Today you will rarely see them in Japan. They live in the United States but once again, they are extremely rare. Since the 60s, their number has been decreasing. If you find one and you want to adopt him, make sure you train him and you give him a lot of exercise. These are not dogs who can stay inside a house the entire day.
8. Czech terrier
Czech terrier or Cesky. This dog is native to Czech Republic. It is around 11 inches tall and the weight will be 19 pounds. It is a small dog who is ideal for chasing vermin. But, they love to play and spend time with the whole family. It is unlikely you will see one any time soon. They also need a lot of time from the owners and they don’t really like strangers. Owners must socialize these pets as soon as they can.
9. Finnish Spitz
Yes, this dog breed is from Finland, as you may believe. They are 26 pounds in weight and will reach 18 inches in height. An interesting fact is that there were no dogs of this kind in the 1800s. Many people believe that the breed is long gone. However, they were wrong. These pets are still here and they are adorable. They are very happy dogs who love to smile. The biggest issue here is their barking. They will bark more than any other dog. On the other side, you can take him on any adventure you like.
The Final Word
These are rare dog breeds and they are special. If you can own a dog of this breed, go for it. Many are pricey dogs and many of these are becoming more and more appealing and desirable. Just keep in mind that they are special and you won’t find a lot of details and get help easily when needed.
And here you can find Extinct Dog Breeds – 9 You Probably Didn’t Know.