Mushrooms come in all sizes, shapes, colors, and tastes. But, there are two main types. The first type is healthy and safe to eat mushrooms. The second type are the ones you can east only once. These are toxic mushrooms. Are mushrooms bad for dogs or they are needed and even mandatory for the dog’s diet? It actually depends on the type of mushroom a dog ate.
Are Mushrooms Bad For Dogs?
Yes and no answer
First of all, mushrooms are not generally bad for dogs. These are not needed for the diet of any dog but they can be consumed. We are referring to mushrooms you can find at a local grocery store. These are not-toxic, they are safe and they can be consumed freely. Are mushrooms bad for dogs? No, they are not and a dog can eat them, but there is one catch.
Mushrooms are rarely prepared as a standalone dish. They are paired with spices, vegetables and so much more. A combination of all these can be an issue. Onion for instance which is commonly paired with mushrooms will be toxic to dogs.
As such, it is important to avoid these complicated dishes unless you are an expert. It is a much better option to feed mushrooms only to your dog if you really want this. Keep in mind that mushrooms are not extremely beneficial to dogs and they are not part of a dog’s diet.
Dogs and wild mushrooms
Here is where things get complicated. Wild mushrooms are ‘’free’’ and they come in all shapes, sizes, and flavors. But, some of them are toxic. This is a big issue simply because your pet may eat a mushroom or two while in the wild or while he is running on a trail. If the mushroom is not toxic, there is no need to worry about it. But, if that mushroom was toxic, your dog is in severe danger.
Things get even worse if you know that some mushrooms have an odor similar to fish and all dogs love it. This means that they will likely eat that mushroom. The best example is Amanita phalloides or death cap. Other mushrooms share the same secret.
In general, there are a few types of mushrooms that can cause severe issues and have been known for causing the highest number of problems, especially among dogs. These are:
- Amanita phalloides
- Amanita gemmate
- Inocybe spp.
- Clitocybe dealbata
- Galerina marginata
- Gyromitra spp.
- Amanita muscaria
Just to clarify, these are not all toxic mushrooms on the planet. These have been linked to most issues and problems with dogs and also humans. Yes, this means that they are toxic to humans as well. As a matter of fact, these mushrooms are toxic to all living creatures.
Mushroom poisoning symptoms
If your pet is poisoned by a mushroom, you need to know something about the first symptoms. Either way, you need to take him to a vet immediately. Many experts recommend taking your dog to a clinic, emergency vet clinic, or anything you can where he can get professional help.
One thing that is a big problem is the fact different mushrooms contain different toxins. For instance, Clitocybe dealbata will cause watering in the eyes, salvation, diarrhea, increased urination, and also certain neurological signs. On the other side, Amanita which has amanitin (toxin) will cause severe GI issues but then it will withdraw and your pet will look better. However, after some time he will experience acute kidney failure and liver failure. You know the next thing!
In general, each mushroom contains a different type of toxin and each one of these causes your dog to act differently. That’s why generalizing all the toxins and all the symptoms is not possible.
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The things get even worse because you normally won’t see a dog eating a mushroom. You don’t know did he eat mushrooms in the wild or no! That’s why we have decided to reveal these common symptoms. These are generally the most common symptoms and you need to look for multiple ones. If you notice a mixture and you know that your pet was in the wild, seek veterinarian help immediately.
- Staggering gait
- Pain in the stomach
Don’t forget that dogs who have certain health issues are in higher danger. The toxins from the mushrooms can promote that disease or condition and make things even worse. Once again, we cannot generalize the matter.
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If your dog ate poisonous mushrooms you need to bring him to a vet. But, you also need to do one thing more. You need to bring a specimen of that mushroom (if that is possible, which is rare). Use a damp paper towel and a paper bag. This should help a vet discover which mushroom was responsible for the issue so he can give a more accurate and more specific treatment.
Anyway, treatment will depend on the mushroom type, toxin, and also the time when a dog ate a mushroom. If that was a few minutes ago or recently, he may induce vomiting in order to try and remove the mushroom from the stomach. In other cases, he may give your pet certain medications and injections which will counteract the toxin from the mushroom and help your pet survive. Last but not least, he may induce a coma during which your pet will be monitored and he will sleep through the issue. All of these treatments are effective.
Are mushrooms bad for dogs or healthy? If your dog eats safe mushrooms, they can be beneficial and there are no issues unless they are mixed with other ingredients. But, mushrooms are not a mandatory part of a dog’s diet. Toxic mushrooms are obviously bad for all living animals and humans and vet help is needed if your pet ate this type of mushroom. Look for the symptoms we have covered above and take him to a vet as soon as you can.
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